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A Blockchain-Based Secret-Data Sharing Framework for Personal Health Records in Emergency Condition.

Authors
  • Rajput, Ahmed Raza1
  • Li, Qianmu1, 2
  • Ahvanooey, Milad Taleby3
  • 1 School of Computer Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China. , (China)
  • 2 School of Cyber Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China. , (China)
  • 3 School of Information Management, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China. , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Publication Date
Feb 14, 2021
Volume
9
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/healthcare9020206
PMID: 33672991
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Blockchain technology is the most trusted all-in-one cryptosystem that provides a framework for securing transactions over networks due to its irreversibility and immutability characteristics. Blockchain network, as a decentralized infrastructure, has drawn the attention of various startups, administrators, and developers. This system preserves transactions from tampering and provides a tracking tool for tracing past network operations. A personal health record (PHR) system permits patients to control and share data concerning their health conditions by particular peoples. In the case of an emergency, the patient is unable to approve the emergency staff access to the PHR. Furthermore, a history record management system of the patient's PHR is required, which exhibits hugely private personal data (e.g., modification date, name of user, last health condition, etc.). In this paper, we suggest a healthcare management framework that employs blockchain technology to provide a tamper protection application by considering safe policies. These policies involve identifying extensible access control, auditing, and tamper resistance in an emergency scenario. Our experiments demonstrated that the proposed framework affords superior performance compared to the state-of-the-art healthcare systems concerning accessibility, privacy, emergency access control, and data auditing.

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