A 49-year-old woman at recent climacterium was admitted to our hospital for a dyspeptic-type symptomatology, weight loss, bone pain, moderate polyuric-polydipsic syndrome and in a marked astheno-depressive state. Paraclinical explorations revealed constant hypercalcemia with hypophosphoremia, calciuria, chronic renal failure in the polyuric phase with retention of nitric bases. X-ray films showed diffuse osteoporosis, right nephrocalcinosis and diffuse calcifications of the galactophorous ducts in both breasts. Computerized tomography revealed and surgery confirmed the presence of tumoral tissues on the anterior aspect of the trachea. Histopathologic examination revealed a parathyroid adenoma.