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Primary Cutaneous Adenomyoepithelioma Ex Spiradenoma With Malignant Histologic Features, Epithelial-Myoepithelial Carcinoma Type: A First Case Report With Molecular Studies.

  • Tran, Tien Anh N1
  • Bridge, Julia A2
  • Deharvengt, Sophie J3
  • Green, Donald C3
  • Linos, Konstantinos3
  • 1 Advent Health Orlando, Orlando, FL, USA.
  • 2 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.
  • 3 Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH, USA. , (Lebanon)
Published Article
International journal of surgical pathology
Publication Date
Dec 09, 2019
DOI: 10.1177/1066896919888579
PMID: 31813296


Adenomyoepithelioma is an extremely rare primary cutaneous neoplasm. Although there is ample evidence on the existence of malignant adenomyoepithelioma in the breast, a malignant counterpart in the skin has not been documented. We report a primary cutaneous adenomyoepithelioma (pcAME) with malignant features arising from a spiradenoma in a 39-year-old female patient. The tumor was solid-cystic in appearance and entirely located in the subcutaneous tissue. Histologically, the tumor displayed foci of adenomatous changes and adenomyoepitheliomatous hyperplasia adjacent to a minute spiradenoma. Gradual increase of architectural complexity, cytologic atypia, mitotic activity, and infiltrative growth were observed in a significant portion of the neoplasm, indicative of transformation to adenomyoepithelioma and subsequently low- to high-grade salivary-type epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma (EMCA). The intimate dual populations of ductal and myoepithelial cells were highlighted by a panel of immunohistochemical stains in all different components of the tumor. Molecular studies revealed a PIKCA3 mutation, a genetic aberration that has been documented in EMCA, particularly of breast origin. The current case documents for the first time a pcAME with malignant features arising from a spiradenoma and suggests adenomyoepithelioma ex spiradenoma as a possible tumorigenesis pathway of this rare cutaneous tumor.

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