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Primary chemotherapy and the role of second-look laparotomy in non-dysgerminomatous germ cell malignancies of the ovary.

Authors
  • Pippitt, C H Jr
  • Cain, J M
  • Hakes, T B
  • Pierce, V K
  • Lewis, J L Jr
Type
Published Article
Journal
Gynecologic oncology
Publication Date
Oct 01, 1988
Volume
31
Issue
2
Pages
268–275
Identifiers
PMID: 2458993
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

In view of the rarity of germ cell tumors of the ovary, it is not surprising that little information exists about the indications for and significance of findings at second-look laparotomy in patients with these tumors. For this reason, we have reviewed 16 patients who received primary chemotherapy for malignant germ cell tumors of the ovary at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) between 1976 and 1983. Eleven of them underwent a second-look laparotomy after completion of their therapy. Primary therapy consisted of surgery, usually unilateral oophorectomy, and cis-platinum-based VAB chemotherapy. The histologic diagnoses were six immature teratomas, five endodermal sinus tumors, four mixed germ cell tumors, and one nongestational choriocarcinoma. Stage distribution was as follows: Stage IA, eight patients; Stage IC, one patient; Stage IIA, one patient; Stage III, four patients, and unstaged, two patients. The ages ranged from 15 to 56 years, with the mean of 29 years. All of the 11 patients undergoing second-look laparotomy were found to be free of disease. They are alive and have been continuously free of disease from 9 to 77 months (mean 39 months). This paper discusses primary chemotherapy and the role of the second-look laparotomy and suggests its value in modifying treatment, predicting cure, and safely stopping therapy in patients with germ cell malignancies of the ovary.

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