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Prevalence of and risk factors for substance use among Afghan refugees in Iran: An exploratory study.

Authors
  • Naseh, Mitra1
  • Wagner, Eric F2
  • Abtahi, Zahra3
  • Potocky, Miriam3
  • Zahedi, Leila4
  • 1 Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, School of Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, Florida.
  • 2 Community-Based Research Institute, Florida International University, Miami, Florida.
  • 3 Department of Anthropology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 4 Department of Computing and Information Science, Florida International University, Miami, Florida.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of ethnicity in substance abuse
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2021
Volume
20
Issue
1
Pages
34–59
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/15332640.2019.1571976
PMID: 30806180
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Afghan refugees may be a high-risk group for substance use problems. However, research is scarce in this area, specifically among Afghan refugees in one of their main host countries, Iran. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of substance use among this population and explore the associated risk factors using a mixed-methods design. Findings suggest that 4.2% of the surveyed households had at least one adult member using illicit drugs. Moreover, results show that substance use among Afghans had statistically significant associations with illiteracy, lack of documentation, living in slum areas, and multidimensional poverty. Policy implications are discussed and recommendations provided.

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