Dyslipidemia is one of the main risk factors in cardiovascular disease in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2). The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors associated with dyslipidemia in the population with diabetes mellitus type 2 in the region of Cantabria. This is a transversal study carried out at Cantabrian primary health care centres (n=680). A representative, random sample of the population with DM2, ranging from 18-85, was selected using a multistage procedure. The medical records were obtained, and by means of interviews the data of the risk factors to be studied was secured. The correlation with dyslipidemia was analysed by means of logistic regression. There were 52.1% of males, the average age was 69.8, the evolution of diabetes was 9.99 years, 84.3% had arterial hypertension, 76.6% were overweight or obese and the average HbA1c was 6.96%. The prevalence of dyslipidemia was 85.3%, and in the bivariate analysis this is associated with a history of peripheral artery disease, controlled diabetes, antihypertensive treatment, glomerular filtration, HbA1c>7%, body fat estimated as being either overweight or obese, a history of cardiovascular disease, age and HbA1c. In the multivariate analysis the independent factors were being female and a history of cardiovascular disease. The prevalence of dyslipidemia in our study was 85.3%, and is consistent with figures found in previous published studies. The independent associated risk factors were being female and a past medical history of cardiovascular disease. Copyright © 2019 SEEN y SED. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.