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The prevalence and risk factors associated with dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetic patients in the autonomous Region of Cantabria.

Authors
  • Díaz Vera, Alcibíades Segundo1
  • Abellán Alemán, José2
  • Segura Fragoso, Antonio3
  • Martínez de Esteban, Juan Pablo4
  • Lameiro Couso, Francisco Javier5
  • Golac Rabanal, Miladi Del Socorro6
  • Díaz Vera, Luis Alberto7
  • Matta Solis, Hernán Hugo8
  • 1 Programa de Doctorado en Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia, Murcia, España. Electronic address: [email protected]
  • 2 Cátedra de Riesgo Cardiovascular, Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia, Murcia, España.
  • 3 Servicio de Investigación, Instituto de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Talavera de la Reina (Toledo), España.
  • 4 Endocrinología y Nutrición, Hospital García Orcoyen, Estella (Navarra), España.
  • 5 Medicina Preventiva, Hospital García Orcoyen, Estella (Navarra), España.
  • 6 Grado de Enfermería, Universidad de San Jorge, Zaragoza (Aragón), España.
  • 7 Ginecología y Obstetricia, Hospital Edgardo Rebagliati Martins, Lima, Perú.
  • 8 Universidad de Ciencias y Humanidades, Lima, Perú.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Endocrinologia, diabetes y nutricion
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2020
Volume
67
Issue
2
Pages
102–112
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.endinu.2019.04.010
PMID: 31235401
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
Spanish
License
Unknown

Abstract

Dyslipidemia is one of the main risk factors in cardiovascular disease in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2). The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors associated with dyslipidemia in the population with diabetes mellitus type 2 in the region of Cantabria. This is a transversal study carried out at Cantabrian primary health care centres (n=680). A representative, random sample of the population with DM2, ranging from 18-85, was selected using a multistage procedure. The medical records were obtained, and by means of interviews the data of the risk factors to be studied was secured. The correlation with dyslipidemia was analysed by means of logistic regression. There were 52.1% of males, the average age was 69.8, the evolution of diabetes was 9.99 years, 84.3% had arterial hypertension, 76.6% were overweight or obese and the average HbA1c was 6.96%. The prevalence of dyslipidemia was 85.3%, and in the bivariate analysis this is associated with a history of peripheral artery disease, controlled diabetes, antihypertensive treatment, glomerular filtration, HbA1c>7%, body fat estimated as being either overweight or obese, a history of cardiovascular disease, age and HbA1c. In the multivariate analysis the independent factors were being female and a history of cardiovascular disease. The prevalence of dyslipidemia in our study was 85.3%, and is consistent with figures found in previous published studies. The independent associated risk factors were being female and a past medical history of cardiovascular disease. Copyright © 2019 SEEN y SED. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

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