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Prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Following the Earthquake in Iran and Pakistan: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Authors
  • Hosseinnejad, Maryam1, 2
  • Yazdi-Feyzabadi, Vahid3
  • Hajebi, Ahmad4
  • Bahramnejad, Ali5
  • Baneshi, Reza6
  • Ershad Sarabi, Roghayeh7
  • Okhovati, Maryam8
  • Zahedi, Razieh6
  • Saberi, Hossein9
  • Zolala, Farzaneh10
  • 1 Health in Disasters and Emergencies Research Center, Institute for Future Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 2 Department of Health, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery and Health, Islamic Azad University, Kerman Branch, Kerman, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 3 Health Services Management Research Center, Institute for Future Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 4 Research Center for Addiction & Risky Behaviors (ReCARB), Psychiatric Department, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 5 Neuroscience Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 6 Modeling in Health Research Center, Institute for Future Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 7 Medical Informatics Research Center, Institute for Future Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 8 Physiology Research Center, Institute of Basic and Clinical Physiology Sciences, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 9 School of Management and Medical Informatics, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, KermanIran. , (Iran)
  • 10 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Institute for Future Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran. , (Iran)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Disaster medicine and public health preparedness
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2022
Volume
16
Issue
2
Pages
801–808
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1017/dmp.2020.411
PMID: 33779538
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common mental disorder following traumatic events. The present study was conducted to understand the prevalence of PTSD after the earthquake in Iran and Pakistan. The review includes all articles published from inception to March 2019. The pooled prevalence for overall PTSD was 55.6% (95% CI: 49.9-61.3). It was 60.2% (95% CI: 54.1-66.3) and 49.2% (95% CI: 39.4-59) for Iranian and Pakistani survivors, respectively. Women experienced higher incidence of PTSD than men. The variation of PTSD based on the clinical interview was lower than the self-report approach. The interval time between the earthquakes and the assessment showed that the prevalence of PTSD decreased over time. The prevalence of PTSD in Iran and Pakistan was higher than the global average, and the rate of the disorder in Iran was higher than in Pakistan. Sex, method of assessment, and time lag between the occurrence of disaster and assessment of PTSD affect the prevalence.

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