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Prevalence of multiple sclerosis in Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil

Authors
  • Ribeiro, Taysa Alexandrino Gonsalves Jub...
  • Duarte, Aline Leite
  • Silva, Delson José da
  • Borges, Fernando Elias
  • Costa, Vanessa Maia da
  • Papais-Alvarenga, Regina Maria
  • Diniz, Denise Sisterolli
Publication Date
May 01, 2019
Source
Scientific Electronic Library Online - Brazil
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

ABSTRACT Multiple sclerosis (MS) prevalence, in some cities in Brazil, was estimated and was found to range from 0.75 to 30.7/100,000. The reasons for such a large variation in rates of prevalence are not clear, but environment and genetics help to explain this phenomenon. Methods: A cross-sectional study using three sources of case ascertainment to estimate the prevalence of MS in the city of Goiânia in December, 2015. Results: A total of 318 MS patients was found after removing overlapping sources. The prevalence of MS was 22.4/100,000 population. Conclusion: Our study was the first in Goiás and the third in the midwest region, and we found a great increase in the prevalence of MS in the region. It is necessary to perform other studies using the same methodology for a more accurate evaluation of the true prevalence of MS in Brazil.

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