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Prevalence of mental health problems in frontline healthcare workers after the first outbreak of COVID-19 in China: a cross-sectional study

Authors
  • Guo, Wen-Ping1
  • Min, Qing2
  • Gu, Wei-Wei3
  • Yu, Liang4
  • Xiao, Xiao1
  • Yi, Wei-Bing3
  • Li, Hong-Liang1
  • Huang, Bei4
  • Li, Jun-Li5
  • Dai, Ya-Jun1
  • Xia, Jian6
  • Liu, Jie1
  • Li, Bei1
  • Zhou, Ben-Hong7
  • Li, Minglun8
  • Xu, Hong-Xi9
  • Wang, Xuan-Bin1, 6
  • Shi, Wen-Yuan1
  • 1 Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan, Hubei Province, 442000, China , Shiyan (China)
  • 2 Hubei University of Science and Technology, 88 Xianning Road, Xianning, Hubei Province, 437100, China , Xianning (China)
  • 3 Shiyan Center for Disease Prevention and Control, 86 Tianjin Road, Shiyan, Hubei Province, 442000, China , Shiyan (China)
  • 4 Xiaogan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 249 Huaiyin Road, Xiaogan, Hubei Province, 432000, China , Xiaogan (China)
  • 5 Hubei University of Medicine, 15 Jiefang Road, Xiangyang, Hubei Province, 441000, China , Xiangyang (China)
  • 6 Wuhan University, 169 Donghu Road, Wuhan, Hubei Province, 430071, China , Wuhan (China)
  • 7 Wuhan University, 99 Zhangzhidong Road, Wuhan, 430060, China , Wuhan (China)
  • 8 LMU Munich, Marchioninistraße 15, Munich, 81377, Germany , Munich (Germany)
  • 9 Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 1200 Cailun Road, Shanghai, 201203, China , Shanghai (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Mar 22, 2021
Volume
19
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s12955-021-01743-7
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundMore than 210,000 medical workers have fought against the outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Hubei in China since December 2019. However, the prevalence of mental health problems in frontline medical staff after fighting COVID-19 is still unknown.MethodsMedical workers in Wuhan and other cities in Hubei Province were invited to participate a cross-sectional and convenience sampling online survey, which assessed the prevalence of anxiety, insomnia, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).ResultsA total of 1,091 responses (33% male and 67% female) were valid for statistical analysis. The prevalence was anxiety 53%, insomnia 79%, depression 56%, and PTSD 11%. Healthcare workers in Wuhan were more likely to face risks of anxiety (56% vs. 52%, P = 0.03) and PTSD (15% vs. 9%, P = 0.03) than those in other cities of Hubei. In terms of educational attainment, those with doctoral and masters’ (D/M) degrees may experience more anxiety (median of 7.0, [interquartile range (IQR) 2.0–8.5] vs. median 5.0 [IQR 5.0–8.0], P = 0.02) and PTSD (median 26.0 [IQR 19.5–33.0] vs. median 23.0 [IQR 19.0–31.0], P = 0.04) than those with lower educational degrees.ConclusionsThe mental problems were an important issue for the healthcare workers after COVID-19. Thus, an early intervention on such mental problems is necessary for healthcare workers.

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