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Prevalence and Identification of Mange Mites on Cattle in and Around Nekemte Town, East Wollega Zone, Oromia Regional State, Western Ethiopia

Authors
  • Kebede, Abriham
  • Hirpa, Shafi
Type
Published Article
Journal
Veterinary Medicine : Research and Reports
Publisher
Dove
Publication Date
May 26, 2022
Volume
13
Pages
109–116
Identifiers
DOI: 10.2147/VMRR.S353983
PMID: 35655606
PMCID: PMC9151306
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Original Research
License
Unknown

Abstract

Purpose Mange mite is one of the skin diseases of cattle that can cause huge economic loss through a decrease in production. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted with the objective of determining the prevalence and identification of species of mange mites that affect cattle in and around Nekemte town. The study methods involved were clinical and laboratory examinations of skin scraping samples from the animals. Results From 384 examined animals, 86 (22.40%) were found to be infected with mange mites. The most commonly encountered mange mite genus was Sarcoptes (15.10%), Demodex (5.47%) and Psoroptes (1.82%). The higher prevalence was observed in young animals, 49 (22.69%), compared to adult animals, 37 (22.02), but statistically insignificant variations were observed. Also a non-significant variation was found between sexes (P ≤ 0.067), even though it was higher in female, 72 (23.00%) than male, 14 (19.72%), but a statistically significant variation was observed among body condition score (P ≤ 0.024), with the highest prevalence being in poor body condition score, 31 (57.41%). A statistically significant variation was detected among the body part infestation (P ≤ 0.024). The most frequent sites of mange mite infestation were the shoulder, neck, face, ears, tail and legs, respectively. Conclusion The study indicated that there was high prevalence of mange mite infestation in cattle in the study area that needs appropriate and strategic control measures by employing additional research for species identification and improving the standards of animal husbandry.

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