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The prevalence of hypertension in rural Zulus. A preliminary study.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
South African medical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir geneeskunde
Publication Date
Volume
60
Issue
1
Pages
7–10
Identifiers
PMID: 7244922
Source
Medline

Abstract

In a preliminary random study of 1 000 rural Zulus the overall prevalence of primary hypertension was 10,5% (females 10,75%, males 10%). Women between the ages of 31 and 40 years had a higher prevalence than men. The mean arterial pressure in relation to age and sex was not as high as in urban Zulus. The urban Zulus had a more definite rise in mean arterial pressure after 30 years of age. A diastolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 95 mmHg was present in 8,1% of the subjects and 2,3% had a diastolic blood pressure of greater than or equal to 105 mmHg. This study suggests that hypertension is not a major health problem in rural Zulus and that large-scale case-finding and intervention programmes should be confined to the urban Black population of South Africa.

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