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The prevalence of hereditary haemochromatosis in a diabetic population.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
QJM
1460-2393
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Publication Date
Volume
90
Issue
4
Pages
271–275
Identifiers
PMID: 9307761
Source
Medline

Abstract

Hereditary haemochromatosis is an under-diagnosed and treatable cause of chronic liver disease. Its prevalence indicates that selective population screening may be worthwhile, but opinion differs as to whether diabetic patients constitute such a group. We studied 727 patients attending a teaching hospital diabetic clinic. On first testing, 7.4% had abnormally high iron indices, but only 3% remained abnormal on retesting. Of these patients, those at high risk were offered liver biopsy for histological assessment and iron assay. Only one had hereditary haemochromatosis, but all had abnormal liver histology--largely steatosis but some with fibrosis. These findings raise questions regarding the true prevalence of this disorder in North-East England, do not indicate that targeted screening of diabetic patients is worthwhile, and incidentally highlight the potential importance of diabetes as a cause of liver disease.

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