Sigmoid perforation due to diverticulitis is a life-threatening complication in the postoperative course of allogenic kidney transplantation. The incidence of diverticulosis is especially high among patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Thus, those who undergo allogenic kidney transplantation represent a high-risk group. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of diverticulosis in ADPKD patients awaiting renal transplantation and the incidence of bowel perforation following allogenic kidney transplantation due to ADPKD. Within the group of 1128 patients who underwent transplantation between January 1974 and January 1990, there were 46 patients (4.07%) whose indication for transplantation was ADPKD. There was one patient who developed a sigmoid perforation under postoperative immunosuppression. Surgical treatment was a discontinuity resection of the sigmoid (Hartmann's procedure). The postoperative course was favorable, the bowel continuity has already been restored, and the graft is still functioning well. Fifteen of the 28 (53.5%) ADPKD patients awaiting transplantation had colon diverticulosis (12 male and 3 female patients). No case of bowel perforation has thus far been observed in 15 of these patients who have undergone transplantation. A sigmoid resection was necessary in one patient due to diverticulitis without perforation. We did not find a higher prevalence of diverticulosis in patients with ADPKD, nor did we see a higher incidence of sigmoid perforation during post-transplant immunosuppression in this study.