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Prevalence of depression, anxiety and suicide among men who have sex with men in China: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Authors
  • Wei, D.1
  • Wang, X.2
  • You, X.1
  • Luo, X.2, 2
  • Hao, C.1, 1
  • Gu, J.1, 1
  • Peng, S.1
  • Yang, X.2
  • Hao, Y.1, 1
  • Silenzio, Vincent M. B.3
  • Li, J.1, 1
  • Hou, F.4
  • 1 Sun Yat-Sen University, China , (China)
  • 2 Lanzhou University, China , (China)
  • 3 The State University of New Jersey, USA
  • 4 Shenzhen Kangning Hospital/Shenzhen Mental Health Center, China , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Publication Date
Jun 15, 2020
Volume
29
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1017/S2045796020000487
PMID: 32536353
PMCID: PMC7303796
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Aims Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk for depression, anxiety and suicide. The estimated prevalence of these problems is essential to guide public health policy, but published results vary. This meta-analysis aimed to estimate the prevalence of depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms and suicide among Chinese MSM. Methods Systematic searches of EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PubMed, CNKI and Wanfang databases with languages restricted to Chinese and English for studies published before 10 September 2019 on the prevalence of depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, suicidal ideation, suicide plans and suicide attempts among Chinese MSM. Studies that were published in the peer-reviewed journals and used validated instruments to assess depression and anxiety were included. The characteristics of studies and the prevalence of depression and anxiety symptoms, suicidal ideation, suicide plans and suicide attempts were independently extracted by authors. Random-effects modelling was used to estimate the pooled rates. Subgroup analysis and univariate meta-regression were conducted to explore potential sources of heterogeneity. This study followed the PRISMA and MOOSE. Results Sixty-seven studies were included. Fifty-two studies reported the prevalence of depressive symptoms, with a combined sample of 37 376 people, of whom 12 887 [43.2%; 95% confidence interval (CI), 38.9–47.5] reported depressive symptoms. Twenty-seven studies reported the prevalence of anxiety symptoms, with a combined sample of 10 531 people, of whom 3187 (32.2%; 95% CI, 28.3–36.6) reported anxiety symptoms. Twenty-three studies reported the prevalence of suicidal ideation, with a combined sample of 15 034 people, of whom 3416 (21.2%; 95% CI, 18.3–24.5) had suicidal ideation. Nine studies reported the prevalence of suicide plans, with a combined sample of 5271 people, of whom 401 (6.2%; 95% CI, 3.9–8.6) had suicide plans. Finally, 19 studies reported the prevalence of suicide attempts, with a combined sample of 27 936 people, of whom 1829 (7.3%; 95% CI, 5.6–9.0) had attempted suicide. Conclusions The mental health of Chinese MSM is poor compared with the general population. Efforts are warranted to develop interventions to prevent and alleviate mental health problems among this vulnerable population.

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