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Prevalence of cystic echinococcosis among livestock in pastoral and agro-pastoral areas in Uganda.

Authors
  • Omadang, Leonard1, 2
  • Chamai, Martin1
  • Ejobi, Francis3
  • Erume, Joseph1
  • Oba, Peter4
  • Ocaido, Michael1
  • 1 College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda. , (Uganda)
  • 2 Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Sciences, Department of Animal Production and Management, Busitema University, Arapai Campus, Soroti, Uganda. , (Uganda)
  • 3 Directorate of Research and Innovations, Faculty of Health Sciences, Soroti University, Soroti, Uganda. , (Uganda)
  • 4 National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO), Abi Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute (Abi ZARDI), Arua, Uganda. , (Uganda)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Parasitology
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2024
Volume
151
Issue
1
Pages
68–76
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1017/S0031182023001154
PMID: 38012850
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) remains a significant challenge in Uganda with precise status largely undocumented in most communities. To determine CE prevalence, post-mortem examination was done on 14 937 livestock (5873 goats, 1377 sheep, 3726 zebu cattle and 3054 Ankole cattle) slaughtered in abattoirs in the districts of Moroto in Karamoja region, Kumi in Teso region and Nakasongola and Luwero in Buganda region. The overall CE prevalence was 21.9% in sheep, 15.2% in zebu cattle, 5.5% in goats and 2.1% in Ankole cattle. Moroto district had a higher prevalence of CE than other districts with 31.3% in zebu cattle, sheep 28%, goats 29.1% and (0%) in Ankole cattle. On organ locations, the lungs were the most affected in all livestock in all the study areas. Considering cyst fertility, 33.9, 1.7 and 6.4% of Ankole cattle, sheep and zebu cattle respectively had fertile cysts in the liver while 4.5% of goats and 4% Ankole cattle had fertile cysts in the lungs. In conclusion, CE is widespread and occurs among cattle, sheep and goats in pastoral and agro-pastoral areas in Uganda. Therefore, there is an urgent need to create awareness among the communities on role of livestock in CE epidemiology and transmission.

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