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Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in a population of French firefighters.

Authors
  • Savall, Angélique1, 2
  • Charles, Rodolphe1, 3
  • Trombert, Béatrice2, 4
  • Fontana, Luc5
  • Roche, Frédéric2
  • Pelissier, Carole5, 6
  • 1 Department of Education and Research in General Practice, Saint-Etienne Jean Monnet University, Saint Priest en Jarez, France. , (France)
  • 2 Clinical and Exercise Physiology, EA 4607 SNA EPIS, University Hospital and Jean Monnet University, Saint-Etienne, France. , (France)
  • 3 SDIS 42, Fire and Rescue Department of Saint Etienne, Saint Etienne cedex, France. , (France)
  • 4 Public Health, University Hospital, Saint-Priest-en-Jarez cedex, France. , (France)
  • 5 Department of Occupational Health, University Hospital, Saint-Priest-en-Jarez cedex, France. , (France)
  • 6 University Lyon 1, University of St Etienne, IFSTTAR, UMRESTTE, UMR-T9405, Saint Etienne, France. , (France)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Publisher
Informa UK (Taylor & Francis)
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2021
Volume
76
Issue
1
Pages
45–51
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/19338244.2020.1779017
PMID: 32544004
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Firefighters' activities increase the risk of sudden cardiac events. The main objective of this study was to describe the Loire firefighters' cardiovascular risk factors according to their cardiovascular risk and to their professional status. A retrospective study of the entire population of firefighters of the Loire department was conducted. Risk factors derived from the data collected during the occupational health follow-up medical examinations were described and the cardiovascular risk was assessed for 417 firefighters. The most frequent cardiovascular risk factors were: overweight and obesity (62.1%), high blood pressure (27.8%) and active smoking (16,1%). There were no significant differences between career firefighters and volunteers. The prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases is less than in the general population. Obesity remains the most common risk factor, especially among firefighters with high cardiovascular risk.

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