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Prevalence of body weight dissatisfaction among adolescents: a systematic review.

Authors
  • Martini, Mariana Contiero San1
  • Assumpção, Daniela de1
  • Barros, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo1
  • Mattei, Josiemer2
  • Barros Filho, Antônio de Azevedo1
  • 1 Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil. , (Brazil)
  • 2 Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, United States. , (United States)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Revista paulista de pediatria : orgao oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de Sao Paulo
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2022
Volume
41
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1590/1984-0462/2023/41/2021204
PMID: 36102398
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

To identify the prevalence of weight dissatisfaction among adolescents aged 10-19 years and stratify the analysis by sex. A literature review of cross-sectional studies among healthy adolescents was performed. The U.S. National Library of Medicine/National Institutes of Health (PubMed), Ovid® (Wolters Kluwer), The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and American Psychological Association (PsycINFO®) databases were searched between May 2019 and January 2020. Initially, 3,700 records were identified, and 10 papers were obtained through other sources. After the removal of duplicates, 1,732 records were screened based on the titles and abstracts, and 126 were preselected for full-text analysis. After the application of the eligibility criteria, 34 papers were included in the present review. The studies were published between 1997 and 2020. The sample size ranged from <150 to >103,000 adolescents. The prevalence of weight dissatisfaction ranged from 18.0 to 56.6% in both sexes (10.8-82.5% among boys and 19.2-83.8% among girls). Based on the findings of the present systematic review, the prevalence of weight dissatisfaction is high among adolescents, especially girls. Such information can contribute to the planning of health and education programs addressing the issue of weight in adolescents.

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