Involuntary, irresponsible parenthood is compounding the welfare and illegitimacy problems of the U.S. population. There is medical apathy toward fertility control because doctors are conservative by nature. However, there is a trend for medical men to become more active in all kinds of social, economic, community and even political matters. In December 1961, there were 7,250,000 persons in the U.S. ON some kind of relief or welfare aid. In 1960, 830 million tax dollars went to support unwanted or inadequately cared for children in the U.S.. The author states that women who have had many children usually are delighted to hear that they can be "fixed" so that they may never have any more children. The doctor should take a few minutes in explaining the details of a postpartum tubal section and to stress that no organ is being removed and that the women will go on menstruating, etc.