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Preparation, physicochemical characteristics and bioavailability studies of an atorvastatin hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin complex.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Die Pharmazie
Publication Date
Volume
67
Issue
1
Pages
46–53
Identifiers
PMID: 22393830
Source
Medline

Abstract

The aim of this study was to improve the solubility, stability and bioavailability of amorphous atorvastatin calcium (AT) by complexing it with hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin. The formation of the inclusion complexation was identified by molecular modeling, phase solubility diagrams, differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray powder diffractometry. Orally Disintegrating Tablets (ODT) were then manufactured by direct compression. Apart from improved stability compared to pure AT, disintegration time of 27s, hardness of 5 kg and favorable mouth feel were achieved. In vitro dissolution tests of the ODT of AT inclusion complex exhibited higher dissolution rates than those with pure drug and the commercial tablet Lipitor. In vivo bioavailability studies in rats also showed shorter T(max), higher C(max) and increased AUC of 4.42 and 1.86 fold compared to the plain drug ODT and Lipitor. These results strongly suggest to use HP-beta-CD to improve the physicochemical characteristics and bioavailability of AT.

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