A short linear peptide was designed according to the antigenic site analysis of VP1 protein of foot-and-mouth virus (FMDV) serotype O and synthesized as the peptide immunogen. The peptide, which covers the region from amino acid 133 to 160 of VP1 of FMDV, was linked to the N-terminal cysteine and conjugated with the carrier protein of keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH). Normal 6- to 8-week-old BALB/c mice were immunized with the 20 μg dose conjugated peptide antigen four times. The splenocytes from the immunized mice were fused with SP2/0 mouse myeloma cells, and positive hybridomas were selected by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and subcloned four times with limiting dilution. Five stable hybridoma cell lines, designated as 4F9, 1B11, 1E10, 1D4, and 4B8, were obtained. Isotyping of all obtained MAbs indicated that the MAbs of 4F9, 1E10, and 4B8 belonged to IgG2b; the 1B11 and 1D4 belonged to IgG1 and IgM, respectively. The micro-neutralization test indicated that the MAbs of 4F9, 4B8, and 1B11 were capable of neutralizing FMDV serotype O with neutralization indices ranging from 1.81 to 2.11. These results suggest that linear synthetic peptide conjugate can elicit antibodies against native FMDV virus and can be used as an alternative immunogen for production of MAbs with exact epitope.