A catalyst surface with an active metal site, a shape-selective reaction space, and an NH(2) binding site for o-fluorobenzophenone was designed and prepared by the molecular imprinting of a supported metal complex on a SiO(2) surface. A ligand of a SiO(2)-supported Ru complex that has a similar shape to the product of o-fluorobenzophenone hydrogenation was used as a template. An NH(2) binding site for o-fluorobenzophenone was spatially arranged on the wall of a molecularly imprinted cavity with a similar shape to the template. The structures of the SiO(2)-supported and molecularly imprinted Ru catalysts were characterized in a step-by-step manner by means of solid-state magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR, XPS, UV/Vis, N(2) adsorption, XRF, and Ru K-edge EXAFS. The molecularly imprinted Ru catalyst exhibited excellent shape selectivity for the transfer hydrogenation of benzophenone derivatives. It was found that the NH(2) binding site on the wall of the molecularly imprinted cavity enhanced the adsorption of o-fluorobenzophenone, of which the reduction product was imprinted, whereas there was no positive effect in the case of o-methylbenzophenone, which cannot interact with the NH(2) binding site through hydrogen bonding.