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Preparation of activated carbon hollow fibers from ramie at low temperature for electric double-layer capacitor applications

  • Du, Xuan
  • Zhao, Wei
  • Wang, Yi
  • Wang, Chengyang
  • Chen, Mingming
  • Qi, Tao
  • Hua, Chao
  • Ma, Mingguo
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2013
Institutional Repository of Institute of Process Engineering, CAS (IPE-IR)
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Activated carbon hollow fibers (ACHFs) with high surface area were prepared from inexpensive, renewable ramie fibers (RFs) by a single-step activation method under lower temperature than that of other reports. The effects of activation conditions on the pore structure and turbostratic structure of ACHFs were investigated systematically. The results show that ACHFs surface area decreased but micropore volume and conductivity increased as the increase of activation temperature and activation time. The electrochemical measurements of supercapacitors fabricated from these ACHFs electrodes reveal that the electrochemical properties improved with the enhancing of activation degree. However, too high activation temperature can make the ion diffusion resistance increase. It suggests that pore structure and conductivity are as important as surface area to decide the electrochemical performances of ACHFs electrode materials. A maximum capacity of 287 F g(-1), at 50 mA g(-1), was obtained for the ACHFs electrode prepared under suitable conditions. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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