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Prenatal Imaging Diagnosis of Suprarenal Lesions

Authors
  • Lazow, Stefanie P.
  • Richman, Danielle M.
  • Dionigi, Beatrice
  • Staffa, Steven J.
  • Benson, Carol B.
  • Buchmiller, Terry L.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
Publisher
S. Karger AG
Publication Date
Mar 17, 2021
Volume
48
Issue
3
Pages
235–242
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1159/000512689
PMID: 33730724
Source
Karger
Keywords
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Introduction: Prenatal suprarenal lesions represent diverse pathologies. This study investigated prenatal imaging features and regression patterns associated with specific lesion diagnoses. Methods: This is a multicenter retrospective review of fetuses with prenatally diagnosed suprarenal lesions between 2001 and 2019. Prenatal ultrasound and MRI characteristics, postnatal imaging, and clinical course were reviewed. Prenatal imaging findings were compared by the most common diagnoses and regression patterns. Results: Forty-four fetuses were prenatally diagnosed with suprarenal lesions. Diagnoses included pulmonary sequestration (n = 12; 27.3%), adrenal hemorrhage (n = 12; 27.3%), upper quadrant cyst (including 2 duplication cysts, 1 splenic cyst, and 3 indeterminate cysts), neuroblastoma (n = 4), adrenal hyperplasia (n = 3), bilateral adrenal calcifications (n = 1), and indeterminate lesions (n = 6). Sequestrations were uniformly left-sided (100 vs. 50%; p = 0.014) and diagnosed earlier in gestation than adrenal hemorrhages (p = 0.025). Sequestrations were also significantly more likely to have a prenatal feeding vessel (p = 0.005), low T1 MRI signal (p = 0.015), and no MRI blood products (p = 0.018) compared to adrenal hemorrhages. When comparing all 44 patients, a prenatal feeding vessel and low T1 signal on prenatal MRI were significantly associated with lesion persistence (p = 0.003; p = 0.044). Discussion/Conclusion: Imaging findings on prenatal ultrasound and MRI aid in the diagnosis of suprarenal lesions, including differentiating pulmonary sequestrations and adrenal hemorrhages.

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