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PRELIMINARY STUDIES OF VERTICAL ACCELERATION OF A PASSENGER CAR PASSING THROUGH THE SPEED BUMP FOR VARIOUS DRIVING SPEEDS

Authors
  • HANISZEWSKI, Tomasz1
  • MICHTA, Agata1
  • 1 Faculty of Transport, Krasinski 8, 40-019 Katowice , (Poland)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Transport Problems
Publisher
Silesian University of Technology
Publication Date
Apr 23, 2019
Volume
14
Issue
1
Pages
23–34
Identifiers
DOI: 10.21307/tp.2019.14.1.3
Source
Exeley
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

The article proposes a phenomenological model of a passenger car. The model includes the biomechanical model of human bodies in the sitting position of Muksian and Nash acting as passengers, while the driver’s weight has been reduced to the concentrated weight of the loading seat. The research carried out in this study consisted of passing the vehicle through a transverse obstacle along the so-called speed bump. Vehicle passes through the threshold at three different speeds: 10km/h, 20km/h, and 30km/h. The purpose of the conducted experiments was to initially estimate the values of accelerations acting especially on the passenger at selected driving speeds. On the basis of conducted tests, it was possible to verify the numerical model of the vehicle overcoming the obstacle on the road. This approach allows the use of the proposed model to verify the forces and accelerations affecting the passenger, specified before any selected specific biomechanical model of the human person, for example, a model of pregnant women in this configuration allows us to estimate the forces and accelerations acting on the embryo while overcoming some obstacles on the road.

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