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Preliminary studies on the role and reactions of tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium chloride in polyacrylamide gel dosimeters.

Authors
  • Sedaghat, Mahbod
  • Bujold, Rachel
  • Lepage, Martin
Type
Published Article
Journal
Physics in Medicine and Biology
Publisher
IOP Publishing
Publication Date
Oct 07, 2012
Volume
57
Issue
19
Pages
5981–5994
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/57/19/5981
PMID: 22964826
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

A major source of dosimetric inaccuracy in normoxic polymer gel dosimeters is local variations in the concentration of oxygen scavenger. Currently, a phosphorus compound, tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium chloride (THPC), is the oxygen scavenger of choice in most polymer gel dosimetry studies. Reactions of THPC in a gel dosimeter are not limited to oxygen. It can possibly be consumed in reacting with gelling agent, water free-radicals and polymer radicals before, during and after irradiation, hence affecting the dose response of the dosimeter in several ways. These reactions are not fully known or understood. It is our hypothesis that THPC not only scavenges radical species but also modifies the morphology of the gelatin network and of the polymer, possibly by intervening in the polymerization of monomers. These hypotheses are investigated in an anoxic acrylamide-based gel dosimeter. Scanning electron microscopy results indicate gelatin pores decreasing from 70 to 40 µm and a very different radiation-induced polymer structure in samples containing THPC; Fourier-transform Raman spectroscopy shows a two-fold reduction in the dose constants of monomer consumption; however, a significant change in the relative dose constants of monomer consumption as a function of dose could not be detected.

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