The effect of rotational nonequilibrium on the macroscopic parameters of the flow behind a normal shock wave in oxygen gas flow has been examined. The electron thermal equilibrium was taken into account where the electron temperature was equal to the vibrational temperature according to Park’s assumption. Therefore, only the effect of rotational nonequilibrium on the translational and vibrational temperature was analyzed. Rotational and vibrational relaxation time for the O2-O2 and O2-O collisions proposed recently by Andrienko and Boyd are used. Also, the O2 dissociation rates proposed by Kim and Park are used. The results obtained with the three-temperature model well reproduce the data obtained in shock tube for the shock velocity of 4.44 km/s.