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Predisposing factors influencing occupational injury among frontline building construction workers in Ghana

  • Amissah, John1
  • Badu, Eric2
  • Agyei-Baffour, Peter1
  • Nakua, Emmanuel Kweku3
  • Mensah, Isaac4
  • 1 Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Department of Health Policy, Management and Economics, School of Public Health, Kumasi, Ghana , Kumasi (Ghana)
  • 2 University of Newcastle, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Callaghan, Australia , Callaghan (Australia)
  • 3 Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatics, School of Public Health, Kumasi, Ghana , Kumasi (Ghana)
  • 4 University of Education, Isaac Mensah, Department of Special Education, Winneaba, Ghana , Winneaba (Ghana)
Published Article
BMC Research Notes
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Nov 06, 2019
DOI: 10.1186/s13104-019-4744-8
Springer Nature


ObjectiveThis study aims to examine the predisposing factors influencing occupational injuries among frontline construction workers in Ghana. A cross-sectional survey was carried out with 634 frontline construction workers in Kumasi metropolis of Ghana using a structured questionnaire. The study was conducted from December 2016 to June 2017 using a household-based approach. The respondents were selected through a two-stage sampling approach. A multivariate logistics regression model was employed to examine the association between risk factors and injury. Data was analyzed employing descriptive and inferential statistics with STATA version 14.ResultsThe study found an injury prevalence of 57.91% among the workers. Open Wounds (37.29%) and fractures (6.78%) were the common and least injuries recorded respectively. The proximal factors (age, sex of worker, income) and distal factors (e.g. work structure, trade specialization, working hours, job/task location, and monthly off days) were risk factors for occupational injuries among frontline construction workers. The study recommends that policymakers and occupational health experts should incorporate the proximal and distal factors in the design of injury prevention as well as management strategies.

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