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Predictors of Early Versus Late Recurrence in Invasive Lobular Carcinoma of the Breast: Impact of Local and Systemic Therapy.

  • Rothschild, Harriet
  • Clelland, Elle
  • Mujir, Firdows
  • Record, Helena
  • Wong, Jasmine
  • Esserman, Laura
  • Alvarado, Michael
  • Ewing, Cheryl
  • Mukhtar, Rita
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2023
eScholarship - University of California
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BACKGROUND: Invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) of the breast is known for high risk of late recurrence, yet some patients still recur within 5 years of diagnosis. Determining factors associated with early/late recurrence could help tailor treatment and surveillance strategies. METHODS: Using an institutional database, we evaluated patients with ILC and ≥ 5 years of follow-up or recurrence within 5 years. We used multivariate logistic regression and the Kaplan-Meier method to evaluate which clinicopathologic features and treatment strategies were associated with recurrence < 5 years since diagnosis versus recurrence ≥ 5 years since diagnosis. Additionally, we explored the association between Clinical Treatment Score 5 (CTS5) with early versus late recurrence. RESULTS: Among 513 cases of stage I-III ILC, there were 75 early and 54 late recurrences during a median follow-up period of 9.4 years. Early recurrence was associated with larger tumors (mean 4.2 cm vs. 2.9 cm, p < 0.0001), higher incidence of > 3 positive nodes (32.4% vs. 9.11%, p > 0.0001), and more aggressive tumor biology (low/negative progesterone receptor expression, higher grade, and higher Ki67). Late recurrence was associated with younger age (mean 55.6 vs. 59.2 years, p = 0.037) and elevated body mass index (BMI > 25 kg/m2 in 60.1.0% vs. 45.4%, p = 0.021). Omission of adjuvant endocrine therapy or radiotherapy after lumpectomy conferred increased risk of early rather than late recurrence. CONCLUSION: Factors related to tumor aggressiveness and treatment were associated with early recurrence, whereas patient related factors were related to late recurrence. These data may help guide treatment strategies and surveillance approaches for patients with ILC.

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