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Prediction of persistent occiput posterior position by sonographic assessment of fetal head attitude at start of second stage of labor: prospective study.

Authors
  • Ramirez Zegarra, R1
  • Dall'Asta, A1
  • Di Pasquo, E1
  • Morganelli, G1
  • Falcone, V1, 2
  • Lizarraga Cepeda, E1, 3
  • Falvo, G1
  • Bontempo, P1
  • Kiener, A J O1
  • Fieni, S1
  • Ghi, T1
  • 1 Department of Medicine and Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit, University Hospital of Parma, Parma, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Obstetrics and Fetomaternal Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. , (Austria)
  • 3 Instituto de Salud Fetal, Hospital Regional Materno Infantil, Tecnologico de Monterrey, Monterrey, Mexico. , (Mexico)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Publisher
Wiley (John Wiley & Sons)
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2024
Volume
63
Issue
2
Pages
251–257
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1002/uog.27461
PMID: 37610831
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

To evaluate the relationship between the attitude of the fetal head quantified by means of the chin-to-chest angle (CCA) in fetuses in occiput posterior (OP) position at the beginning of the second stage of labor, and persistent OP position at birth. This was a single-center, prospective observational study conducted at the University Hospital of Parma, Parma, Italy. We included singleton pregnancies at term with fetuses in the OP position at the beginning of the second stage of labor. The fetal head position, station by means of angle of progression and head-to-perineum distance, and attitude by means of CCA were assessed using transabdominal or transperineal ultrasound. The primary outcome was persistent OP position at birth. Between January and July 2022, 76 women were included in the study. There were 48 (63.2%) spontaneous rotations of the fetal head and spontaneous vaginal delivery occurred in all. Among the 28 (36.8%) fetuses that did not rotate spontaneously into an occiput anterior position, eight (28.6%) had a spontaneous vaginal delivery, while operative vaginal delivery and Cesarean delivery was performed in 11 (39.3%) and nine (32.1%) cases, respectively. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that the CCA (adjusted odds ratio (aOR), 2.15 (95% CI, 1.22-3.78); P = 0.008) and nulliparity (aOR, 0.20 (95% CI, 0.06-0.76); P = 0.02) were associated independently with persistent OP position at birth. Moreover, the CCA showed an area under the receiver-operating-characteristics curve of 0.69 (95% CI, 0.56-0.82); P = 0.005) for the prediction of persistent OP position. The optimal cut-off value of the CCA was 36.5°, and was associated with a sensitivity of 0.82 (95% CI, 0.63-0.94), specificity of 0.50 (95% CI, 0.35-0.65), positive predictive value of 0.49 (95% CI, 0.34-0.64), negative predictive value of 0.83 (95% CI, 0.64-0.94), positive likelihood ratio of 1.64 (95% CI, 1.18-2.29) and negative likelihood ratio of 0.36 (95% CI, 0.15-0.83). Our data show that, within a population of women with fetal OP position at the beginning of the second stage of labor, the sonographic fetal head attitude measured by means of the CCA might help in the identification of fetuses at risk of persistent OP position. Such findings can be useful for patient counseling when OP position is diagnosed at full cervical dilatation. Further studies should investigate if the CCA might select patients who may benefit from manual rotation of the fetal head. © 2023 The Authors. Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology. © 2023 The Authors. Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology.

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