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Development of a standard set of microsatellite reference alleles for identification of grape cultivars

  • This, P.1
  • Jung, A.2
  • Boccacci, P.3
  • Borrego, J.4
  • Botta, R.3
  • Costantini, L.5
  • Crespan, M.6
  • Dangl, G. S.7
  • Eisenheld, C.8
  • Ferreira-Monteiro, F.9
  • Grando, S.5
  • Ibáñez, J.4
  • Lacombe, T.1
  • Laucou, V.1
  • Magalhães, R.10
  • Meredith, C. P.7
  • Milani, N.6
  • Peterlunger, E.11
  • Regner, F.8
  • Zulini, L.11
  • And 1 more
  • 1 UMR Diversité et Génomes des Plantes Cultivées (DGPC), Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Laboratory of Grape Genetics, 2, place P. Viala, Montpellier, 34060, France , Montpellier
  • 2 Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof, Federal Centre of Breeding Research on Cultivated Plants, Siebeldingen, 76833, Germany , Siebeldingen
  • 3 Università degli Studi di Torino, Centro di Studio per il Miglioramento Genetico e la Biologia della Vite–CNR, Dipartimento di Colture Arboree, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, Grugliasco, 10095, Italy , Grugliasco
  • 4 Finca “El Encín”, Instituto Madrileño de Investigación Agraria y Alimentaria, Apartado 127, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, 28800, Spain , Alcalá de Henares
  • 5 Istituto Agrario S. Michele all’ Adige, Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Via Mach, Trento, 38010, Italy , Trento
  • 6 Istituto Sperimentale per la Viticoltura, Sezione Ampelografia e Miglioramento Genetico, via Casoni 13/A, Susegana (Treviso), 31058, Italy , Susegana (Treviso)
  • 7 University of California, Department of Viticulture and Enology, Davis, CA, 95616, USA , Davis
  • 8 HBLA u. BA Klosterneuburg, Department for Grapevine Breeding, Rehgraben 2, Langenzersdorf, 2103, Austria , Rehgraben 2
  • 9 Instituto Portugues de Viticultura e Enologia (IPVE), Rua Eng. Frederico Ulrich 2650, Maia, 4470-605, Portugal , Maia
  • 10 Universidade do Porto, Instituto de Ciencias Biomedicas de Abel Salazar (ICBAS), Largo Prof. Abel Salazar,2, Porto, 4099-003, Portugal , Porto
  • 11 University of Udine, Department of Crop Production and Agricultural Technology, Via delle Scienze 208, Udine, 33100, Italy , Udine
Published Article
Theoretical and Applied Genetics
Publication Date
Sep 30, 2004
DOI: 10.1007/s00122-004-1760-3
Springer Nature


In order to investigate the comparability of microsatellite profiles obtained in different laboratories, ten partners in seven countries analyzed 46 grape cultivars at six loci (VVMD5, VVMD7, VVMD27, VVS2, VrZAG62, and VrZAG79). No effort was made to standardize equipment or protocols. Although some partners obtained very similar results, in other cases different absolute allele sizes and, sometimes, different relative allele sizes were obtained. A strategy for data comparison by means of reference to the alleles detected in well-known cultivars was proposed. For each marker, each allele was designated by a code based on the name of the reference cultivar carrying that allele. Thirty-three cultivars, representing from 13 to 23 alleles per marker, were chosen as references. After the raw data obtained by the different partners were coded, more than 97% of the data were in agreement. Minor discrepancies were attributed to errors, suboptimal amplification and visualization, and misscoring of heterozygous versus homozygous allele pairs. We have shown that coded microsatellite data produced in different laboratories with different protocols and conditions can be compared, and that it is suitable for the identification and SSR allele characterization of cultivars. It is proposed that the six markers employed here, already widely used, be adopted as a minimal standard marker set for future grapevine cultivar analyses, and that additional cultivars be characterized by means of the coded reference alleles presented here. The complete database is available at Cuttings of the 33 reference cultivars are available on request from the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique Vassal collection ([email protected]).

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