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Precise insertion of antibiotic resistance determinants into Tn21-like transposons: nucleotide sequence of the OXA-1 beta-lactamase gene.

Authors
  • Ouellette, M
  • Bissonnette, L
  • Roy, P H
Type
Published Article
Journal
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Publisher
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Publication Date
Nov 01, 1987
Volume
84
Issue
21
Pages
7378–7382
Identifiers
PMID: 2823258
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Several plasmid-encoded beta-lactamases are on multiresistance transposable elements. The OXA-1 beta-lactamase gene is part of Tn2603, which is borne on the R plasmid RGN238. We report here the complete nucleotide sequence of the OXA-1 beta-lactamase gene and flanking sequences. The OXA-1 gene shows a greater than 50% sequence divergence from the OXA-2 gene, yet there is significant functional similarity at the peptide level. Analysis of 5' and 3' flanking sequences shows that Tn2603 differs from its probable precursor, Tn21, by a precise 1004-base-pair insertion, containing the OXA-1 structural gene, at the target sequence AAAGTT, which is located between the Tn21 streptomycin/spectinomycin (aadA) promoter and its structural gene. A 5- for 6-base repeat of the target sequence is found at the end of the insertion. The same precise insertion and repeat of the target sequence are found for the OXA-2 gene from R46. The 5' flanking regions of two other genes, the trimethoprim-resistance gene from R388 and the gentamicin resistance (aadB) gene from pDGO100, are greater than 98% homologous to the 5' flanking sequences of the OXA-1, OXA-2, and aadA genes until they diverge at the target sequence. From the available sequence data a recombinational hot spot is defined at the nucleotide level 5' of the aadA gene of Tn21, and a second potential hot spot is proposed 3' of this gene.

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