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A pragmatic and scalable strategy using mobile technology to promote sustained lifestyle changes to prevent Type 2 diabetes in India and the UK – a randomised controlled trial

Authors
  • Oliver, N
  • Johnston, D
  • Godsland, I
  • Srivanichakorn, W
  • Majeed, A
  • Darzi, A
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2019
Source
UPCommons. Portal del coneixement obert de la UPC
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Aims/hypothesis This randomised controlled trial was performed in India and UK in people with prediabetes to study whether mobile phone short message services can be used to motivate and educate people to follow lifestyle modification, to prevent type 2 diabetes. Methods The study was performed in people with prediabetes (n=2062, control: n=1031; intervention: n=1031) identified by glycosylated haemoglobin A1c42 and 47mmol/mol (6.0% and 6.4%). Participants were recruited from public and private sector organisations in India and by the NHS Health Checks programme in the UK. Allocation to the study groups was performed using a computer generated sequence (1:1) in India and by stratified randomisation in permuted blocks in the UK. Investigators in both countries remained blinded throughout the study period. All participants received advice on healthy lifestyle at baseline. The intervention group in addition received supportive text messages using mobile phone short messaging services2-3 times per week. Participants were assessed at intervals for 2years. The primary outcome was conversion to diabetes and secondary outcomes included anthropometry, biochemistry, dietary and physical activity change, blood pressure and quality of life. Results At 2years follow-up, in the intention-to-treat population the hazard ratio for development of diabetes calculated using a discrete-time proportional hazards model was 0.89,95%CI(0.74-1.07) p=0.22. There were no significant differences in the secondary outcomes. Conclusions/Interpretation This trial in 2 countries with varied ethnic and cultural backgrounds showed no significant reduction in the progression in diabetes in 2 years by lifestyle modification using short messaging services (Hazard Ratio 0.89, 95% CI 0.74 – 1.07, p=0.22)

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