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On the Power of Weak Measurements in Separating Quantum States

Authors
  • Tamir, Boaz
  • Cohen, Eliahu
  • Priel, Avner
Type
Published Article
Publication Date
Jan 09, 2015
Submission Date
Jan 09, 2015
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s40509-015-0029-7
Source
arXiv
License
Yellow
External links

Abstract

We investigate the power of weak measurements in the framework of quantum state discrimination. First, we define and analyze the notion of weak consecutive measurements. Our main result is a convergence theorem whereby we demonstrate when and how a set of consecutive weak measurements converges to a strong measurement. Second, we show that for a small set of consecutive weak measurements, long before their convergence, one can separate close states without causing their collapse. We thus demonstrate a tradeoff between the success probability and the bias of the original vector towards collapse. Next we use post-selection within the Two-State-Vector Formalism and present the non-linear expansion of the expectation value of the measurement device's pointer to distinguish between two predetermined close vectors.

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