The type and number of respiratory chain components present in membranes of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans have been investigated. These redox components were resolved potentiometrically and kinetically. Using optical techniques two cytochromes a1, multiple cytochromes c and two cytochromes b were detected. By using electron paramagnetic resonance, two copper-containing centres, high and low spin ferric haems and a ferredoxin centre were detected. Based on the combination of a potentiometric resolution and a kinetic study a model for the sequence of the respiratory chain components in the Fe2+ to O2 branch of the T. ferrooxidans respiratory chain is proposed.