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A potential pro-angiogenic cell therapy with human placenta-derived mesenchymal cells

Authors
  • Nishishita, Toshihide
  • Ouchi, Kunie
  • Zhang, Xiaohong
  • Inoue, Mariko
  • Inazawa, Takeshi
  • Yoshiura, Kenta
  • Kuwabara, Koichiro
  • Nakaoka, Takashi
  • Watanabe, Nobukazu
  • Igura, Koichi
  • Takahashi, Tsuneo A.
  • Yamashita, Naohide
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Publisher
Elsevier BV
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2004
Volume
325
Issue
1
Pages
24–31
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2004.10.003
Source
Elsevier
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Recently several strategies to treat ischemic diseases have been proposed but the ideal way has to be determined. We explored whether human placenta-derived mesenchymal cells (hPDMCs) can be used for this purpose because placenta is very rich in vessels. First, production of human vascular endothelial growth factor (hVEGF) from hPDMCs was examined. The amount of hVEGF secreted by hPDMCs was similar to the amount produced by HeLa cells. hVEGF was barely detected in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (hUVECs) or human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. hVEGF secreted from hPDMCs stimulated the proliferation of hUVECs, indicating its biological activity. Transplantation of hPDMCs to the ischemic limbs of NOD/Shi-scid mice significantly improved the blood flow of the affected limbs. Blood vessel formation was more prominently observed in the limbs of treated mice as compared to the control mice. Real-time RT-PCR revealed that hPDMCs produced hVEGF for at least 7 days after transplantation. Thus, transplantation of hPDMCs could potentially be a promising treatment for human ischemic diseases.

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