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The potential benefits of nicaraven to protect against radiation-induced injury in hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells with relative low dose exposures.

Authors
  • Ali, Haytham1
  • Galal, Omima2
  • Urata, Yoshishige3
  • Goto, Shinji3
  • Guo, Chang-Ying3
  • Luo, Lan3
  • Abdelrahim, Eman4
  • Ono, Yusuke3
  • Mostafa, Emtethal2
  • Li, Tao-Sheng5
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Sep 25, 2014
Volume
452
Issue
3
Pages
548–553
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2014.08.112
PMID: 25173934
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Nicaraven, a hydroxyl radical-specific scavenger has been demonstrated to attenuate radiation injury in hematopoietic stem cells with 5Gy γ-ray exposures. We explored the effect and related mechanisms of nicaraven for protecting radiation injury induced by sequential exposures to a relatively lower dose γ-ray. C57BL/6 mice were given nicaraven or placebo within 30min before exposure to 50mGy γ-ray daily for 30days in sequences (cumulative dose of 1.5Gy). Mice were victimized 24h after the last radiation exposure, and the number, function and oxidative stress of hematopoietic stem cells were quantitatively estimated. We also compared the gene expression in these purified stem cells from mice received nicaraven and placebo treatment. Nicaraven increased the number of c-kit(+) stem/progenitor cells in bone marrow and peripheral blood, with a recovery rate around 60-90% of age-matched non-irradiated healthy mice. The potency of colony forming from hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells as indicator of function was completely protected with nicaraven treatment. Furthermore, nicaraven treatment changed the expression of many genes associated to DNA repair, inflammatory response, and immunomodulation in c-kit(+) stem/progenitor cells. Nicaraven effectively protected against damages of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells induced by sequential exposures to a relatively low dose radiation, via complex mechanisms.

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