Polycystic ovary with poor-quality oocytes has remained problematic in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients. It is well documented that the inflammation and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in PCOS ovaries are significantly higher than normal voluntaries. In this study, we hypothesized that auraptene (AUR), as a coumarin derivative with anti-inflammatory properties, may be effective in improvement of oocyte maturation and fertilization rate in PCOS patients. For this purpose, PCOS model was induced in NMRI mice and confirmed by ovarian histopathology observations and hormonal assays. PCOS-induced mice were administrated with AUR (PCOS-AUR) and metformin (PCOS-MET), and their effects on inflammation, apoptosis rate, oocyte maturation, and in vitro fertilization capacity were determined and compared with those normal and PCOS animals treated with sesame oil (PCOS-sesame oil) and no treatment (PCOS). Treatment with AUR and MET decreased the inflammation and apoptosis rates in PCOS mice compared with PCOS animals with no treatment. PCOS-AUR and PCOS-MET oocytes also showed higher intracellular glutathione and lower ROS concentrations compared with PCOS mice, indicating improved oocyte maturation rate. PCOS-AUR and PCOS-MET groups showed higher percentages of expansion rate and MII stage oocytes, and lower rate of abnormal oocytes compared with PCOS with no treatment. The rate of fertilization in the oocytes isolated from PCOS-AUR and PCOS-MET groups was higher than PCOS-sesame oil and PCOS groups. Our findings suggest that AUR can be considered as a potential candidate for improvement of oocyte maturation and fertilization capacity in PCOS patients, comparable to MET.