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The potency of KUL-7211, a selective ureteral relaxant, in isolated canine ureter: comparison with various spasmolytics.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Urological research
Publication Date
Volume
33
Issue
6
Pages
409–414
Identifiers
PMID: 16133579
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We compared the potency of a selective ureteral relaxant KUL-7211 (beta(2)/beta(3)-adrenoceptor agonist; (-)-2-[4-(2-{[(1S,2R)-2-hydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-methylethyl]amino}ethyl)phenyloxy]acetic acid) with those of various spasmolytics on contractions in isolated canine ureteral preparations. Drug effects were evaluated on the tonic contraction induced by KCl (80 mM) and on spontaneous, 1x10(-5) M phenylephrine-, and 1x10(-6) M PGF(2alpha)-induced rhythmic contractions in isolated canine ureteral preparations using a functional experimental technique. The potencies (pD(2) value) of the following drugs were compared: KUL-7211, tamsulosin (an alpha(1A/1D)-adrenoceptor antagonist), prazosin (an alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonist), verapamil (a Ca(2+)-channel blocker), butylscopolamine (a nonselective muscarinic antagonist), and papaverine (a phosphodiesterase inhibitor). The rank order of relaxing potencies against KCl-induced tonic contraction was KUL-7211 (6.60)>tamsulosin(5.90)>verapamil(5.70)>papaverine(4.88)>prazosin (4.54). The rank order of potencies for reductions in spontaneous rhythmic contractions was KUL-7211 (6.80)>verapamil(6.12)>papaverine(5.05). Conversely, high concentrations of the two alpha-adrenoceptor antagonists (tamsulosin and prazosin) and of butylscopolamine enhanced the spontaneous contractions, although at low concentrations (up to 1x10(-6) M) they had no significant effects. For suppression of spasmogen-induced rhythmic contractions, the rank order of potencies was, against phenylephrine-induced contractions: KUL-7211 (6.95)>tamsulosin(6.26)>prazosin(5.68)>verapamil(5.64)>papaverine (5.03), and against PGF(2alpha)-induced contractions: KUL-7211 (7.05)>verapamil(6.70)>papaverine (5.27). Our results suggest that in dogs, the beta(2)/beta(3)-adrenoceptor agonist KUL-7211 is the most efficacious ureteral relaxant among the spasmolytics tested against various contractions. Possibly, KUL-7211 might be useful for promoting stone passage and relieving ureteral colic in urolithiasis patients.

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