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Potassium ion ionization of desorbed species (K+IDS): a rapid method for the screening of urine for organic acidemias.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biomedical & environmental mass spectrometry
Publication Date
Volume
17
Issue
3
Pages
221–228
Identifiers
PMID: 3214676
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

A new desorption/ionization mass spectrometric technique, K+ ionization of desorbed species (K+IDS), is evaluated as a rapid method for differentiating various organic acidemias, conditions in which excessive levels of organic acid metabolites are present in plasma or urine as a result of some inborn error of metabolism. This method requires no derivatization of the isolated organic acids, unlike that required for gas chromatographic and gas chromatographic/mass spectrometric analyses. 'Batch' mass spectrometric analysis is achieved by deposition of the complex organic acid mixture (from urine) onto a K+IDS probe. Rapid heating results in the emission of alkali ions (Na+ or K+) from a thermionic emitter and the intact desorption of analyte. Subsequent gas-phase addition produces a mass spectrum showing alkali ion adducts of the components, providing molecular weight and relative concentration information. This rapid desorption/ionization technique requires no matrix, and analysis times are exceedingly short relative to those required in gas chromatographic/mass spectrometric analyses. Results suggest that differential diagnosis of some of the more commonly occurring organic acidemias (e.g. isovaleric acidemia, maple syrup urine disease, etc.) may be made.

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