The most striking result from this study was the reduction by almost a half of the total number of possible implant sites between 1983 and 1993. A certain proportion of existing tooth gaps had been treated with conventional fixed prostheses, usually in small tooth gaps, and this tendency had increased between 1983 and 1993. The need for implants in the anterior frontal region was small but constant (less than 1%) in 1983 and 1993. In the future, implants will be a treatment option in young individuals, most likely in cases of trauma and tooth agenesis. Further it may be assumed that implant treatment in edentulous jaws will continue to increase in relative terms, i.e. the percentage of edentulous jaws that have been treated with implants will increase. In absolute terms, however, the frequency of the treatment will decrease because fewer individuals will be edentulous. Instead, the proportion of partially dentate subjects treated with implants will increase.