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Possible pathogenic role of IgE in Henoch-Schönlein purpura.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany)
Publication Date
Volume
8
Issue
2
Pages
169–171
Identifiers
PMID: 8018493
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The incidences of clinical and biological markers of atopy were investigated in 16 children with IgA nephropathy (IgAN) (group A) and in 22 with Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) (group B). The incidence of increased plasma IgE levels according to age-matched normal values was significantly higher in group B (17/22, 77%) than in group A (7/16, 44%) (P < 0.05). Although not significant, the incidences of positive RAST tests and of a history of typical atopic symptoms were also higher in group B [10/22 (45%) and 11/22 (50%), respectively] than in group A [4/16 (25%) and 5/16 (31%), respectively]. Moreover, IgE deposits were demonstrated by a peroxidase/anti-peroxidase method on cutaneous Langerhans and mast cells in 4 of 6 patients with HSPN. Thus immunoallergy might account, in some cases, for the cutaneous, intestinal and pulmonary signs observed in HSPN, but not in IgAN. We postulate stimulation of IgE-sensitized mast cells by specific antigens in the presence of IgA circulating immune complexes (CIC), release of vasoactive substances, increased capillary permeability and perivascular deposition of IgA CIC.

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