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Possibility of synthesizing doubly closed superheavy nucleus

Authors
  • Aritomo, Y.
Type
Published Article
Publication Date
Sep 16, 2006
Submission Date
Sep 16, 2006
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.75.024602
Source
arXiv
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

The possibility of synthesizing a doubly magic superheavy nucleus, $^{298}114_{184}$, is investigated on the basis of fluctuation-dissipation dynamics. In order to synthesize this nucleus, we must generate more neutron-rich compound nuclei because of the neutron emissions from excited compound nuclei. The compound nucleus $^{304}114$ has two advantages to achieving a high survival probability. First, because of small neutron separation energy and rapid cooling, the shell correction energy recovers quickly. Secondly, owing to neutron emissions, the neutron number of the nucleus approaches that of the double closed shell and the nucleus obtains a large fission barrier. Because of these two effects, the survival probability of $^{304}114$ does not decrease until the excitation energy $E^{*}= 50$ MeV. These properties lead to a rather high evaporation reside cross section.

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