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A population and family study of CYP1A2 using caffeine urinary metabolites.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
European journal of clinical pharmacology
Publication Date
Volume
47
Issue
5
Pages
423–430
Identifiers
PMID: 7720764
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

CYP1A2 is a cytochrome P450 which is inducible by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. This induction could be mediated via the Ah locus, which encodes a cytosolic receptor responsible for the regulation of the CYP1A1 gene. Enzyme activity in vivo can be measured by the urinary caffeine metabolite ratio (AFMU + 1X + 1U)/17U. Our goal was to determine, using this ratio, the possible existence of a genetic polymorphism in CYP1A2 induction. For this purpose, a population and family study, including smokers, were undertaken. In a first step, we investigated factors influencing enzyme activity in a population of 245 unrelated individuals. The induction effect of smoking and inhibiting effect of oral contraceptive use were confirmed. None of the other factors examined (age, sex, level of cigarette consumption, nicotine or tar amounts, filter, inhalation) accounted for the interindividual variability in the metabolic ratio. Using the statistical SKUMIX method, a unimodal (one peak) distribution of the ratio was concluded in 164 unrelated smokers, since a second distribution did not significantly improve the fit to the data (chi 2(1) = 1.39, P > 0.2). Segregation analysis was performed on 68 nuclear families and no major gene effect could be shown. Furthermore, the polygenic model did not provide a higher likelihood than the sporadic one, which argues against the existence of any familial resemblance. Although we cannot rule out the possibility that some environmental factors could obscure the phenotypes and occult a genetic determinism, we conclude that genetic factors are probably negligible in the determination of CYP1A2 activity measured by this method.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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