A thermophilic cellulase, FnCel5a, from Fervidobacterium nodosum was conjugated with various functional polymers including cationic, anionic, and strongly and weakly hydrogen bonding polymers. The activity of FnCel5a toward a high-molecular-weight carboxymethyl cellulose substrate was enhanced by polymer conjugation. Activity enhancements of 50% or greater observed for acrylamide and mixed N,N-dimethyl acrylamide-2-(N,N-dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate polymers, suggesting that the greatest enhancements were caused by polymers capable of noncovalent interactions with the substrate. The conjugates were found to have nearly identical thermodynamic stability to the native enzyme, as assessed by free energy (ΔG), enthalpy (ΔH), and entropy (TΔS) parameters extracted from differential scanning fluorimetry. Polymers tended to confer comparable tolerance to high concentrations of dimethylformamide, with longer polymers typically enabling higher activity relative to shorter polymers. The new FnCel5a conjugates represent an advance in the production of cellulases that maintain activity at high temperatures or in the presence of denaturing organic solvents.