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Polyamines, ornithine decarboxylase, and diamine oxidase in the substantia nigra and striatum of the male rat after hemitransection.

Authors
  • Desiderio, M A
  • Zini, I
  • Davalli, P
  • Zoli, M
  • Corti, A
  • Fuxe, K
  • Agnati, L F
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of neurochemistry
Publication Date
Jul 01, 1988
Volume
51
Issue
1
Pages
25–31
Identifiers
PMID: 3132533
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Partial hemitransection at the mesodiencephalic junction in the rat increased striatal and nigral putrescine concentrations on the lesioned side for at least 168 h, with maximal increases between 24 and 48 h. Spermidine and spermine levels declined at 24 h in the striatum, rising above control values at 48 h and further at 168 h. In the substantia nigra, they remained unchanged for the first 48 h and then increased by 168 h. Cadaverine in the striatum also increased at 48 h. On the intact side putrescine increased but to a much lesser extent (at 48 h in the striatum and at 24 and 48 h in the substantia nigra). Ornithine decarboxylase and diamine oxidase activities showed maximal increases at 24 h in the striatum of the lesioned side, whereas in the substantia nigra ornithine decarboxylase attained a very high value as early as 4 h after the operation and diamine oxidase activity peaked at 48 h. The enzyme activities returned toward the basal values at 168 h. On the intact side, ornithine decarboxylase showed a small increase starting at 4 h and diamine oxidase was enhanced at 48 h. These results indicate that the stimulation of biosynthetic and degradative enzymes of polyamine metabolism accompanied by marked and prolonged increases in putrescine may be essential events in the early phases of neuronal response to mechanical injury in the CNS.

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