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Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) Electrosynthesis in the Presence of Mixtures of Flexible-Chain and Rigid-Chain Polyelectrolytes

Authors
  • kabanova;, varvara
Publication Date
Nov 09, 2021
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/polym13223866
OAI: oai:mdpi.com:/2073-4360/13/22/3866/
Source
MDPI
Keywords
Language
English
License
Green
External links

Abstract

The electrochemical synthesis of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) was first carried out in the presence of mixtures of flexible-chain and rigid-chain polyacids and their Na-salts. Earlier on with the example of polyaniline, we have shown the non-additive effect of the rigid-chain component of polyacid mixtures on the electrodeposition of polyaniline films, their morphology and spectroelectrochemical properties. In this study, we confirmed the non-additive effect and showed that such mixed PEDOT–polyelectrolyte films possess unique morphology, spectroelectrochemical and ammonia sensing properties. The electrosynthesis was carried out in potential cycling, galvanostatic and potentiostatic regimes and monitored by in situ UV–Vis spectroscopy. UV–Vis spectroelectrochemistry of the obtained PEDOT–polyelectrolyte films revealed the dominating influence of the rigid-chain polyacid on the electronic structure of the mixed complexes. The mixed PEDOT–polyacid films demonstrated the best ammonia sensing performance (in the range of 5 to 25 ppm) as compared to the films of individual PEDOT–polyelectrolyte films.

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