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The Politics of Writing Chinese Philosophy: Xiong Shili’s New Treatise on the Uniqueness of Consciousness and the “Crystallization of Oriental Philosophy”

Authors
  • Major, Philippe1
  • 1 University of Basel, Institute for European Global Studies, Gellertstrasse 27, P.O. Box, Basel, CH-4020, Switzerland , Basel (Switzerland)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Dao
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2019
Volume
18
Issue
2
Pages
241–258
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11712-019-09658-3
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

This article situates Xiong Shili’s 熊十力 classic work New Treatise on the Uniqueness of Consciousness (Xin Weishi Lun 新唯識論, 1932) within the central dilemma of post-May Fourth China surrounding the concerns with so-called modern universalism and Chinese particularism. I look at the way the text portrays its author as situated both within particular traditions and outside of them (in a realm of universality) in order to show how the figure of the author is presented as a site wherein Chinese/Asian particularism and universalism can be fused. My central aim, in doing so, is to argue that within the text’s discourse on the positioning of its author resides an implicit argument for the universality of Chinese or Asian philosophy—as interpreted and subsumed by the text—and against the hegemonic intentions of Western philosophy. Yet I also suggest that the text reiterates a conception of universality and an intention to monopolize the universal which are characteristic of hegemonic discourses.

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