The purpose of this chapter is to present the policy framework of the ‘green’ freight logistics, thus, setting the scene for the individual subjects of the following chapters. Its coverage is distinctly (albeit not exclusively) European, as it is mostly based on work undertaken under the SuperGreen project. The term ‘green’ is used in the sustainability context, meaning that it features economic and social dimensions in addition to the usual environmental one. The most important EU transport policy documents are reviewed and briefly presented by transportation mode. Horizontal documents covering all modes are reviewed first. The material spans a 15-year period, from the Sustainable Development Strategy of May 2001 to the Directive 2014/94/EU of October 2014 on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure.