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Polar Kerr Effect and Time Reversal Symmetry Breaking in Bilayer Graphene

Authors
  • Nandkishore, Rahul
  • Levitov, Leonid
Type
Published Article
Publication Date
May 29, 2011
Submission Date
May 25, 2011
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.097402
Source
arXiv
License
Yellow
External links

Abstract

The unique sensitivity of optical response to different types of symmetry breaking can be used to detect and identify spontaneously ordered many-body states in bilayer graphene. We predict a strong response at optical frequencies, sensitive to electronic phenomena at low energies, which arises because of nonzero inter-band matrix elements of the electric current operator. In particular, the polar Kerr rotation and reflection anisotropy provide fingerprints of the quantum anomalous Hall state and the nematic state, characterized by spontaneously broken time reversal symmetry and lattice rotation symmetry, respectively. These optical signatures, which undergo a resonant enhancement in the near-infrared regime, lie well within reach of existing experimental techniques.

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