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Point-of-care ultrasound curriculum for internal medicine residents: what do you desire? A national survey

Authors
  • Olgers, Tycho J.1
  • ter Maaten, Jan C.1
  • 1 University Medical Center Groningen, Huispostcode AA41, Postbus 30.0016, Groningen, RB, 9700, the Netherlands , Groningen (Netherlands)
Type
Published Article
Journal
BMC Medical Education
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Jan 31, 2020
Volume
20
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s12909-020-1949-4
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundPoint-of-care Ultrasound is a relative new diagnostic tool for internists. Since 2019, it is a mandatory skill for internal medicine residents in the Netherlands but an ultrasound curriculum still has to be developed. In this study we explored the current ultrasound training program and educational wishes from internal medicine residents.MethodsWe have undertaken a national study in March 2019 using an online questionnaire. All internal medicine residents in the Netherlands were invited to respond.ResultsA total of 247 from 959 (26%) residents completed the questionnaire. The majority of residents (78.6%) received less than 10 h of ultrasound training and 40% has never made an ultrasound at all. Almost all residents (92%) indicate that ultrasound is a useful skill for the internist. They report that the most useful applications are ultrasound of the inferior vena cava, kidneys, abdominal free fluid, deep vein thrombosis, heart and lungs. The main perceived barrier to perform ultrasound is the lack of availability of experts for bedside supervision.ConclusionThis study confirms the need for a national ultrasound curriculum for internal medicine residents and may contribute to the development of an ultrasound curriculum in line with residents educational needs. We should begin the curriculum with the previously mentioned applications, perceived by internal residents as most useful. Additional applications can be appended in the future. Finally it is necessary to expand the number of experts to supervise the residents.

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